IPO Success Rates: Analyzing Recent Trends
An initial public offering (IPO) is a crucial moment for a company. It represents the first time that the company’s shares are made available for public purchase, and it can provide a significant injection of capital that can help fund future growth. However, not all IPOs are successful. In this article, we will analyze recent trends to determine what percentage of IPOs have been successful and examine some of the factors that contribute to success.
Defining IPO Success
Before we dive into the data, it’s important to define what we mean by “successful” when it comes to IPOs. There are a few metrics that are commonly used to evaluate an IPO’s success:
- Price performance: Did the stock price increase or decrease after the IPO?
- Long-term performance: Has the stock performed well over an extended period of time?
- Fundraising: Did the IPO raise the amount of money that the company was hoping for?
- Investor demand: Did the IPO generate significant investor interest and oversubscription?
Of course, the definition of success can vary depending on who you ask. For the purposes of this article, we will use a combination of these metrics to determine success.
Recent Trends in IPO Success
The past few years have been a mixed bag when it comes to IPO success. In 2020, 407 IPOs were completed in the US, raising a total of $145.2 billion. Of those, 61% were trading above their offer price as of the end of the year, according to data from Renaissance Capital. That’s a strong showing, especially given the economic uncertainty caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.
However, 2021 has been a bit of a different story so far. As of February 28, 2021, 140 IPOs had been completed in the US, raising a total of $38.6 billion. Of those, only 35% were trading above their offer price as of that date. That’s a significant drop from the previous year.
It’s worth noting that the pandemic has had a significant impact on the IPO market. In particular, it has made it difficult to conduct in-person roadshows and other traditional methods of generating investor interest. As a result, some companies have postponed or canceled their IPOs, while others have had to rely more heavily on virtual methods of promoting their offerings.
Factors that Contribute to IPO Success
So, what factors contribute to IPO success? There are a few things that companies can do to improve their chances of a successful IPO:
- Strong financial performance: Companies that have a history of strong revenue growth, profitability, and cash flow are more likely to generate investor interest and demand.
- Clear growth prospects: Investors want to know that a company has a clear path to continued growth in the future. This could involve expanding into new markets, introducing new products or services, or pursuing strategic acquisitions.
- Strong management team: A strong management team with a proven track record of success can help instill confidence in investors.
- Realistic valuation: Companies that are priced too high can struggle to generate investor demand, while those that are priced too low may leave money on the table. Finding the right balance is key.
Recent Examples of IPO Success and Failure
Let’s take a look at a few recent examples of IPO success and failure to illustrate these points.
Airbnb went public in December 2020, and it was one of the most highly anticipated IPOs of the year. The company raised $3.5 billion in its offering and priced its shares at $68 each. On its first day of trading, the stock soared to $144, more than doubling its offer price. As of February 28, 2021, the stock was still trading well above its offer price, at $210 per share. Airbnb’s success can be attributed to its strong financial performance, clear growth prospects, and realistic valuation.
WeWork’s attempted IPO in 2019 was one of the most high-profile failures in recent memory. The coworking company had initially been valued at $47 billion, but its valuation plummeted after investors raised concerns about its business model and corporate governance practices. WeWork ultimately pulled its IPO, and its CEO resigned shortly thereafter. The company’s failure can be attributed to unrealistic valuation, lack of transparency, and a weak management team.
How Have IPOs performed?
Overall, the success rate of IPOs can vary significantly depending on a range of factors. While recent trends have been mixed, there are a few things that companies can do to improve their chances of success. By focusing on financial performance, growth prospects, management strength, and valuation, companies can generate investor interest and demand that can help drive long-term success. However, it’s important to remember that even the most carefully planned IPOs can fail, and investors should always do their due diligence before investing in any new offering.